What are the risk factors for developing lupus?
More than 90 percent of people with lupus are women.
Symptoms and diagnosis occur most often when women are in their childbearing years, between the ages of 15 and 44. Symptoms of lupus will occur before age 18 in 15 percent of the people who are later diagnosed with the disease.
In the United States, lupus is more common in people of color–African Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, Asian Americans, Native Americans, Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders–than in the Caucasian population. It also appears that lupus develops at an earlier age and is more severe among members of these ethnic groups.
Relatives of people with lupus have an approximately 5-13 percent chance of developing lupus. However, only about 5 percent of children will develop lupus if their mother has lupus.
Cited from http://www.lupus.org
People with lupus should eat a balanced diet that contains plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and moderate amounts of fish and lean meats. They also should quit smoking as tobacco products can trigger flares.
About 10 percent of people who were originally diagnosed with discoid lupus (a form of cutaneous lupus, affecting only the skin) will go on to develop lupus that can then affect any other organ in the body.
Lupus frequently impacts a person’s ability to keep working, with one study finding that 40 percent had to stop working on average about 3.4 years after they were diagnosed.
We talk a lot about the damaging effects of the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. And we know how to protect ourselves outside with wide-brimmed hats, garments made from sun-protective- fabric, and, of course, sunscreen. But for some people with lupus, whether they’re walking through a supermarket or sitting in an office, the UV exposure from artificial light can be just as damaging and painful as too much time outside in the sun.
With current methods of therapy, 80 to 90 percent of people with non-organ threatening lupus can look forward to having the same lifespan as people without lupus.